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Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.

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150 Squadron Crest
03/04.02.1944 No. 150 Squadron Wellington X LN858 JN-Y Sgt. George G. Pemberton

Operation: Manfred Weis Armaments factory

Date: 03/04th February 1944 (Thursday/Friday)

Unit: No. 150 Squadron

Type: Wellington Mk.X

Serial: LN858

Code: JN-Y

Base: RAF Amendola, Italy

Location: Lake Balaton, Hungary

Pilot: Sgt. George Gordon Pemberton 1388192 RAFVR - Survived - injured (1)

Nav: Sgt. Lawrence London Taylor 1507789 RAFVR - Survived, uninjured, Prisoner of War (PoW) Stalag Heydekrug

Air/Bmr: Sgt. W.R. Bennett 1603385 - Survived, uninjured, PoW. Stalag Heydekrug

W/Op/Air/Gnr: Fl/Sgt. Harry Cadwallader Redpath AUS/410285 RAAF Survived, injured, PoW. Stalag Lamsdorf (2)

Air/Gnr: Sgt. Anthony Patrick McTeer 1676580 RAFVR Survived, injured, PoW No. 53123 Stalag Lamsdorf (3)

With many thanks to Nigel McTeer for providing all this information and photographs of this loss.

He would very much like the family of Sgt. Bennett to contact him to complete the story.


Taking off from RAF Amendola, Italy to bomb the Manfred Weis Armaments factory in Budapest. 79 Wellingtons took part on this operation together with 8 Liberators. 5 Wellingtons were lost during this first night operation on Budapest.

The Americans were to bomb the railway stations just prior to the Wellingtons. They missed their target but hit the Fanto oil refinery close by which lit up the area. Civilian casualties were high, over 600 killed.

Above and below Wellington LN858 after the amazing ditching by the seriously injured pilot, Sgt. Pemberton which saved the lives of the remainder of the crew. No posthumous award was made, which many regard as quite incredible!

Above, some of the crew after capture by the Germans, already changed into other clothes after ordeal in the water.

Above, recovery of Wellington LN858 in 1946

Above: Sgt. Anthony McTeer in a Budapest hospital after the operation to re-attach his ear. He remained deaf on that side.

Right: Sgt. Pemberton, seen in the cockpit of his aircraft.

Attacked by 24 year old, Oblt. Hans Krause of 6./NJG101 at 23.46 hrs over Keszthelyi-öböl with forward firing guns (the last time his Luftwaffe unit used these - they changed to the very effective ‘Schrag-waffen’ or upward firing guns. (Also known as Schräge Musik’). (See Kracker Luftwaffe Archive on this site)

Below: Oblt. Hans Krause

Above left: Sgt. Anthony McTeer Right: PoW Photocard for Fl/Sgt. Harry Redpath

The Luftwaffe pilot has since been in contact with Nigel and explained the actions on this night:

‘Oblt. Hans Krause had been based at Parnsdorf Austria, he was flying a Dornier Do 217N 9W+ZO. Hans told me that my Dad's aircraft was his last kill with Nose Guns as he then flew a Junker JU88. He said that he attacked LN858 from the rear but was caught in the propeller back wash, causing him to use more ammo on this occasion than on any other.

The personal mount for Hans Kraus - used to shoot down Wellington LN858

He hit the Port Engine and he waited for it to cause the aircraft to crash which he said happened more often that not, but the fire in the engine died out and all he could see was a red glow, he wanted to attack again but because of the hills all around Budapest he decided against this.

The Luftwaffe crew: Hans Krause - Otto Zinn BF - Friedrich Specht BM

During the action he was hit several times by the rear gunner but no serious damage was caused. He claimed an abschüss but the Luftwaffe Command declined as there was no proof. The next day he and his crew took off to have a look, and sure enough he saw LN858 in the water.’
(1) The pilot, Sgt. Pemberton, had been hit in the leg during the attack, despite this he managed to execute a perfect ditching on Lake Balaton - he died shortly afterwards through loss of blood.
(2) Fl/Sgt. Redpath was hit during the engagement in the eye, hospitalised at a Jewish concentration camp in Budapest for a week before moving after two weeks to a specialist eye hospital at Lazarett where he received treatment from a Scottish opthalmic surgeon Mjr. David L. Charters RAMC - captured in the Greek campaign in 1945. The eye could not be saved and a glass eye was fitted.
(3) Sgt Andrew McTeer had his ear shot off before the bullet lodged in his head. He was treated in hospital but the bullet remained in his head until the day he died.

Actual scene of the operation on Budapest on the 3/4th February 1944

Above: Nigel McTeer commission a painting of the incident from Mike Bailey and arranged a framed copy to be presented by Paul Pemberton (son of the pilot) to the Brooklands Museum in 2012.

Other aircraft lost to night fighters were a 37 Squadron Wellington LN853 at Dunapentele-Tiborszállás, south of Budapest 00.08hrs. and a 104 Squadron Wellington LN925 at Mercegfalva, south west of Budapest 00.16hrs. Flown by P/O. Green (taken PoW with 2 of his crew, sadly 2 killed - both claimed by Fw. Herbert Ludwig also from 6./NJG101.

Notes: Sgt Taylor : Next of Kin - sister, of 31 Queens Road, Southport, Lancashire, England. Sgt. Bennett: Next of Kin - father, Mr. Bennett of 40 Carpole, Lambeth, London. Fl/Sgt. Redpath: Next of Kin - father, Mr. B.P, Redpath of 38 Summerhill Road, Brighton 6, Victoria, Australia. Sgt. McTeer: Next of Kin - mother, Mrs. McTeer of 15 Harold Street, Scotswood, Newcastle 5, Northumberland, England.

Burial details:

Sgt. George Gordon Pemberton. Budapest War Cemetery. Grave 1.A.10. Husband of Mrs. F.A. Pemberton, Beech Cottage, Harp Hill, Cheltenham, Gloucester, England. Son of Capt. J.D. Pemberton c/o. PoW Camp Harwell, Aylesbury, Bucks, England.

Researched and dedicated to the relatives of this crew with thanks to Nigel McTeer, son of rear gunner Andrew McTeer for extensive information and photographs, Hans Krause, Hungarian researcher - Mr. Csaba Becze,

Also thanks to Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Tom Kracker - 'Kracker Luftwaffe Archives'. The author, Martin Bowman who put Nigel together with Hans Krause.

Left: Grave of Sgt. Pemberton at the Budapest War Cemetery.

Oblt. Hans Krause in Me 110G.
Acknowledgements: Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives and Fred Paradie - Paradie Archive (both on this site), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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