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Archive Report: Allied Forces

Compiled from official National Archive and Service sources, contemporary press reports, personal logbooks, diaries and correspondence, reference books, other sources, and interviews.
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485 Squadron Crest
13.04.1943 No. 485 Squadron Spitfire Vb BM299 Sgt. T.W.J. Denholm

Operation: Circus 282

Date: 13th April 1943 (Tuesday)

Unit: No. 485 Squadron RNZAF

Type: Spitfire Vb

Serial: BM299

Code: YT-?

Base: RAF Westhampnett, Sussex

Location: Near Caen, France

Pilot: Sgt. Thomas William Jackson Denholm NZ/415687 RNZAF Age 22. Killed


Taking off at 15:55 hrs on an escort of 12 x 487 RNZAF Venturas understood that he became temporarily separated from the squadron and shot down by Fw190s of JG2.

2 Spitfires from 331 Squadron (Norwegian) were damaged but managed to return. 332 Squadron (Norwegian) Spitfire also damaged, returning safely. 2 others from 331 Squadron shot down - both Norwegian pilots killed - Sgt. Leif Birk Gilje flying Spitfire IX BS468 FN-B and Sgt. Eylof Johannes Berg-Olsen flying Spitfire IX BS299 FN-L.

Burial details:

Sgt. Thomas William Jackson Denholm. Douvres-La-Delivrande Churchyard (Douvres). Row 4. Grave 2. Son of Albert E. and Ethel V. Denholm of Napier, Hawkes Bay, New Zealand. A total of 331 Flying hours logged and on his 26th operational sortie.

Researched and dedicated to the relatives of this pilot with thanks to the research by Errol Martyn and his publications: “For Your Tomorrow Vols. 1-3”, Auckland Cenotaph, Weekly News of New Zealand, other sources as quoted below:

KTY - 21.10.2017

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Sources used by us in compiling Archive Reports include: Bill Chorley - 'Bomber Command Losses Vols. 1-9, plus ongoing revisions', Dr. Theo E.W. Boiten and Mr. Roderick J. Mackenzie - 'Nightfighter War Diaries Vols. 1 and 2', Martin Middlebrook and Chris Everitt - 'Bomber Command War Diaries', Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Tom Kracker - Kracker Luftwaffe Archives, Michel Beckers, Major Fred Paradie (RCAF) and MWO François Dutil (RCAF) - Paradie Archive (on this site), Jean Schadskaje, Major Jack O'Connor USAF (Retd.), Robert Gretzyngier, Wojtek Matusiak, Waldemar Wójcik and Józef Zieliński - 'Ku Czci Połeglyçh Lotnikow 1939-1945', Archiwum - Polish Air Force Archive (on this site), Anna Krzystek, Tadeusz Krzystek - 'Polskie Siły Powietrzne w Wielkiej Brytanii', Franek Grabowski, Norman L.R. Franks 'Fighter Command Losses', Aircrew Remembered Databases and our own archives. We are grateful for the support and encouragement of CWGC, UK Imperial War Museum, Australian War Memorial, Australian National Archives, New Zealand National Archives, UK National Archives and Fold3 and countless dedicated friends and researchers across the world.
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