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Vitz Archive: Allied Victims of Axis Murders


Data derived from many sources. Corrections/Additions requested through Helpdesk
GENEVA CONVENTION AS APPLICABLE TO 1939 - 1945 (Part 1 Article 2)
'Prisoners of war are in the power of the hostile Government, but not of the individuals or formation which captured them.
They shall at all times be humanely treated and protected, particularly against acts of violence, from insults and from public curiosity.
Measures of reprisal against them are forbidden.'


The data in this database is largely based on a list of Allied airmen murders collected by the late Willi Wachholz. He published his findings on a web site which is no longer available. Traugott Vitz found Mr Wachholz's list in the web archive when he co-authored a book on 'Hangmen At War' which included several airmen murder cases where the culprits were hanged. He then added to this list based on his own research using the 'Review and Recommendations' papers of the US war crime trials held at Dachau, and (British) National Archive files. These sources were also used to note and correct errors in Mr Wachholz's list. Researchers of airmen casualties within the borders of present-day Austria (which was incorporated into the German Reich in 1938) may perhaps appreciate the Memorial Book of all members of the American and British/Allied Air Forces killed in the air war in that area which was published by two Austrian researchers, in 2016, under the title 'Missing in Action - Failed to Return', freely downloadable in bilingual German/English.

In the course of our continuing research by Traugott Vitz and Ralph Snape it has become clear that the Archive should not restrict itself to air force personnel and accordingly we also cover cases involving other services as well as civilians.

Many cases are covered in more detail than in the Notes accompanying this database. A list of such cases may be found here. (Note that this list contains entries in the Pacific Theatre of Operations, which is outrside the scope of the Vitz Archive.)
All Unknown Allied Air Force victims killed in Germany Search for ALLIEDGER
All British Army victims killed in Germany Search for BritArmyGER
All British Army victims killed outside Germany Search for BritArmyOUT
All Free French Air Force victims killed in Germany Search for FFAFGER
All Norwegian Air Force victims killed in Germany Search for NAFGER
All Polish Air Force victims killed in Germany Search for PAFGER
All Polish Air Force victims killed outside Germany Search for PAFOUT
All RAAF victims killed in Germany Search for RAAFGER
All RAAF victims killed outside Germany Search for RAAFOUT
All RAF victims killed in Germany Search for RAFGER
All RAF victims killed outside Germany Search for RAFOUT
All RCAF victims killed in Germany Search for RCAFGER
All RCAF victims killed outside Germany Search for RCAFOUT
All Royal Hellenic Air Force victims killed outside Germany Search for RHAFOUT
All RNZAF victims killed in Germany Search for RNZAFGER
All South African Air Force victims killed in Germany Search for SAAFGER
All South African Air Force victims killed outside Germany Search for SAAFOUT
All SOE killed outside Germany Search for SOEOUT
All USAAF victims killed in Germany Search for USAAFGER
All USAAF victims killed outside Germany Search for USAAFOUT
All US Army killed in Germany Search for USArmyGER
All US Army killed outside Germany Search for USArmyOUT

JURISDICTION
In the main trials were held under United States, British or Canadian jurisdictions. However, two were held under Federal Republic of Germany jurisdiction. These may be found through a Search for FedRepGer.

Click the Names button to see the spelling of all names in the database.

You can Search for a Name and when you see his Unit/Aircraft Number you can then Search on the Aircraft number to see the fate of any crew members. For further information on an individual, check our other databases.

Searches must contain a minimum of 2 valid numbers or letters. You cannot include certain characters in your Searches. Check the Search Tips button for advice.

Links are provided where more information has been found. Where you see Notes this link will take you to supplementary information we have found on the individual. Review and Recommendations Trial Papers for most cases are available via the Helpdesk.


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You searched for: “rcafger

#Name (↓)First NamesRankService NumberCategory Code (↓)CategoryUnit/Aircraft Number (↓)Trial By (↓)Case NumberDateOfDeath (↓)Place-of-DeathName(s) of Perpetrator(s)ExecutionDate (↓)PhotosRemarksLinks
1 BirklandHenryF/LJ/5233RCAFGER Member of Royal Canadian Air Force, killed in Germany Great EscapeNONEno trial1944-03-3102826 Görlitz (vicinity) [no one ever formally charged with victim's death] -.- 50 Air Force officers, recaptured after escape from Stalag Luft III Sagan, were shot by Gestapo upon Hitler's personal orders. They are marked "Great Escape" instead of their former airplane number.
2 LangfordPatrick WilsonF/LC/1631RCAFGER Member of Royal Canadian Air Force, killed in Germany Great EscapeNONEno trial1944-03-3102826 Görlitz (vicinity) [no one ever formally charged with victim's death] -.- 50 Air Force officers, recaptured after escape from Stalag Luft III Sagan, were shot by Gestapo upon Hitler's personal orders. They are marked "Great Escape" instead of their former airplane number.
3 McGillGeorge EdwardF/LJ/5312RCAFGER Member of Royal Canadian Air Force, killed in Germany Great EscapeNONEno trial1944-03-3102826 Görlitz (vicinity) [no one ever formally charged with victim's death] -.- 50 Air Force officers, recaptured after escape from Stalag Luft III Sagan, were shot by Gestapo upon Hitler's personal orders. They are marked "Great Escape" instead of their former airplane number.
4 WileyGeorge WilliamF/LJ/7234RCAFGER Member of Royal Canadian Air Force, killed in Germany Great EscapeNONEno trial1944-03-3102826 Görlitz (vicinity) [no one ever formally charged with victim's death] -.- 50 Air Force officers, recaptured after escape from Stalag Luft III Sagan, were shot by Gestapo upon Hitler's personal orders. They are marked "Great Escape" instead of their former airplane number.
5 BlenkinsopEdward "Teddy" WeymanS/LdrJ/3467RCAFGER Member of the Royal Canadian Air Force, killed in Germany JA976 LQ-SNone-.-1945-01-23 (official) Neuengamme (official)unknown-.- Was unlawfully denied POW privileges and perished in Concentration Camp. Runnymede panel 278
6 BleckinsopEdward WeymanS/LdrJ/3467RCAFGERMember of Royal Canadian Air Force, killed in GermanyJA976 LQ-SNone-.-1945-01-23 or between 1945-01-28 and 1945-02-03Neuengamme or Bergen-Belsenunknown-.-Was denied POW privileges and perished in CC camp. Runnymede panel 278
7 HaleRaymond WilliamF/OJ/26179RCAFGER Member of Royal Canadian Air Force, killed in Germany KB715BritainWO 235/381ff1944-12-2441460 Neuss[imprisonment]-.-
8 FrameDanielF/OJ/56349RCAFGER Member of Royal Canadian Air Force, killed in Germany KB777 NA-VCanadaNo case No. Found1945-03-2251379 (Leverkusen-)Opladen Walter Weigel, Robert Hölzer (shot in Aurich) 1946-05-11
9 HadleyJames FrederickF/LtJ/10986RCAFGER Member of Royal Canadian Air Force, killed in Germany KB777 NA-VCanadaNo Case No. Found1945-03-2251379 (Leverkusen-)Opladen Walter Weigel, Robert Hölzer (shot in Aurich) 1946-05-11
10 MacKenzieJohnF/SgtR/208648RCAFGER Member of Royal Canadian Air Force, killed in Germany KB777 NA-VCanadaNo Case No. Found1945-03-2251379 (Leverkusen-)Opladen Walter Weigel, Robert Hölzer (shot in Aurich) 1946-05-11
11 DorrellMatthewSgtR/147377RCAFGER Member of Royal Canadian Air Force, killed in Germany KB782 NA-HBritainWO 235/3511944-11-0542651 Solingen [Death sentence commuted to 20 years] -.-
12 LupinskyJackF/SgtR/164676RCAFGER Member of Royal Canadian Air Force, killed in Germany KB782 NA-HBritainWO 235/3511944-11-0542651 Solingen [Death sentence commuted to 20 years] -.-
13 SamuelAllan G.F/SgtR/155128RCAFGER Member of Royal Canadian Air Force, killed in Germany KB782 NA-HBritainWO 235/3511944-11-0542651 Solingen [Death sentence commuted to 20 years] -.-
14 AudetRichard JosephFlt.Lt.J/20136RCAFGER Member of Royal Canadian Air Force, died in Germany MK950 DB-G-.--.-1945-03-0448734 Groß Reken (vicinity)[Local Ortsgruppenleiter?]-.- Last seen alive being ill-treated by local Nazi.
15 LamarreJoseph Yves Jean ClaudePlt OffJ/95374RCAFGER Member of Royal Canadian Air Force, killed in Germany MZ860 KW-EBritainWO 235/5691945-01-0631547 Loccum [1 death sentence commuted to "Life", co-accused 15 yrs prison, actual killer never tried] -.- Buried Hanover War Cemetery 16. E. 18
16 BrennanLawrence WilliamP/OJ/95242RCAFGERMember of Royal Canadian Air Force, killed in GermanyMZ907 6U-PNONEno trial1945-03-2546286 (Dorsten-)Wulfen (vicinity)[chief suspect killed himself while on remand]-.-
17 PaulRobert AndrewP/OJ/95472RCAFGERMember of Royal Canadian Air Force, killed in GermanyMZ907 6U-PNONEno trial1945-03-2546286 (Dorsten-)Wulfen (vicinity)[chief suspect killed himself while on remand]-.-
18 HallBertram Edward WilliamFlight LieutenantJ/21053RCAFGER Member of Royal Canadian Air Force, killed in Germany ND342 PH-UNONEno trial1944-12-1240721 Hilden[suspect never tried]-.- Images courtesy Marc Hall and Sean Feast - further details will be entered within the loss reports for these crew members over the next few days.
Buried Reichswald Forest War Cemetery 1.F.1
19 MarshFrancis JosephF/SgtR/266317RCAFGERMember of Royal Canadian Air Force, killed in GermanyNE119 LQ-PBritainWO 235/4061945-03-1538707 AltenauOtto Fricke1948-01-29
20 SmithDonald GeorgeF/OJ/35778RCAFGERMember of Royal Canadian Air Force, killed in GermanyNE119 LQ-PBritainWO 235/4061945-03-1538707 AltenauOtto Fricke1948-01-29
21 DraperThomas MaynardF/OJ/27155RCAFGER Member of Royal Canadian Air Force, killed in Germany NG186 A4-ONONEno trial1945-03-0899195 Schlossvippach [main suspect killed late in the war] -.- A group of schoolchildren watched the murder. A memorial stone was set in 2008, and in March 2019 replaced by a bigger one. War Crime investigation file at WO 309/339
22 Scott Thomas DelmerP/OJ/95497RCAFGER Member of Royal Canadian Air Force, killed in Germany NP689 QO-MBritainWO 235/247 1945-04-0358095 Hagen (vicinity)Friedrich Hollborn1947-01-23
23 MartensConrad WilliamP/OJ/90764RCAFGER Member of Royal Canadian Air Force, killed in Germany PB172 HW-WCanadaNo Case No. Found1944-07-2976571 (Gaggenau-)Oberweier Wilhelm Jung & Joh. Georg Schumacher (shot) 1946-04-15
24 CostelloGeorge ArnoldF/OJ/39820RCAFGER Member of Royal Canadian Air Force, killed in Germany PL207 (442 Ftr Sq)BritainWO 235/3471944-10-2845721 Haltern-HelenenhöheJohann Wilhelm Lütfring1947-09-05 Images courtesy Marc Hall and Sean Feast - further details will be entered within the loss reports for these crew members over the next few days.
25 D'AvrilJean-MauriceP/OJ/93925RCAFGER Member of Royal Canadian Air Force, killed in Germany PN173 KW-QNONEno trial1945-03-0609669 Frankenberg [no one ever formally charged with victim's death] -.-(Davril)

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