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Vitz Archive: Allied Victims of Axis Murders


Data derived from many sources. Corrections/Additions requested through Helpdesk
GENEVA CONVENTION AS APPLICABLE TO 1939 - 1945 (Part 1 Article 2)
'Prisoners of war are in the power of the hostile Government, but not of the individuals or formation which captured them.
They shall at all times be humanely treated and protected, particularly against acts of violence, from insults and from public curiosity.
Measures of reprisal against them are forbidden.'


The data in this database is largely based on a list of Allied airmen murders collected by the late Willi Wachholz. He published his findings on a web site which is no longer available. Traugott Vitz found Mr Wachholz's list in the web archive when he co-authored a book on 'Hangmen At War' which included several airmen murder cases where the culprits were hanged. He then added to this list based on his own research using the 'Review and Recommendations' papers of the US war crime trials held at Dachau, and (British) National Archive files. These sources were also used to note and correct errors in Mr Wachholz's list. Researchers of airmen casualties within the borders of present-day Austria (which was incorporated into the German Reich in 1938) may perhaps appreciate the Memorial Book of all members of the American and British/Allied Air Forces killed in the air war in that area which was published by two Austrian researchers, in 2016, under the title 'Missing in Action - Failed to Return', freely downloadable in bilingual German/English.

In the course of our continuing research by Traugott Vitz and Ralph Snape it has become clear that the Archive should not restrict itself to air force personnel and accordingly we also cover cases involving other services as well as civilians.

Many cases are covered in more detail than in the Notes accompanying this database. A list of such cases may be found here. (Note that this list contains entries in the Pacific Theatre of Operations, which is outrside the scope of the Vitz Archive.)
All Unknown Allied Air Force victims killed in Germany Search for ALLIEDGER
All British Army victims killed in Germany Search for BritArmyGER
All British Army victims killed outside Germany Search for BritArmyOUT
All Free French Air Force victims killed in Germany Search for FFAFGER
All Norwegian Air Force victims killed in Germany Search for NAFGER
All Polish Air Force victims killed in Germany Search for PAFGER
All Polish Air Force victims killed outside Germany Search for PAFOUT
All RAAF victims killed in Germany Search for RAAFGER
All RAAF victims killed outside Germany Search for RAAFOUT
All RAF victims killed in Germany Search for RAFGER
All RAF victims killed outside Germany Search for RAFOUT
All RCAF victims killed in Germany Search for RCAFGER
All RCAF victims killed outside Germany Search for RCAFOUT
All Royal Hellenic Air Force victims killed outside Germany Search for RHAFOUT
All RNZAF victims killed in Germany Search for RNZAFGER
All South African Air Force victims killed in Germany Search for SAAFGER
All South African Air Force victims killed outside Germany Search for SAAFOUT
All SOE killed outside Germany Search for SOEOUT
All USAAF victims killed in Germany Search for USAAFGER
All USAAF victims killed outside Germany Search for USAAFOUT
All US Army killed in Germany Search for USArmyGER
All US Army killed outside Germany Search for USArmyOUT

JURISDICTION
In the main trials were held under United States, British or Canadian jurisdictions. However, two were held under Federal Republic of Germany jurisdiction. These may be found through a Search for FedRepGer.

Click the Names button to see the spelling of all names in the database.

You can Search for a Name and when you see his Unit/Aircraft Number you can then Search on the Aircraft number to see the fate of any crew members. For further information on an individual, check our other databases.

Searches must contain a minimum of 2 valid numbers or letters. You cannot include certain characters in your Searches. Check the Search Tips button for advice.

Links are provided where more information has been found. Where you see Notes this link will take you to supplementary information we have found on the individual. Review and Recommendations Trial Papers for most cases are available via the Helpdesk.


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You searched for: “rafout

#Name (↓)First NamesRankService NumberCategory Code (↓)CategoryUnit/Aircraft Number (↓)Trial By (↓)Case NumberDateOfDeath (↓)Place-of-DeathName(s) of Perpetrator(s)ExecutionDate (↓)PhotosRemarksLinks
1 BanksArthurSgt1607992RAFOUT Member of RAF, killed outside Germany 112 Sdn.BritainWO 235/2521944-12-20I 45012 Ariano Nel Polesine [imprisonment between 20 and 5 yrs for 5 accused, 6 acquittals] -.- Sgt Banks was posthumously awarded the George Cross. Citation see London Gazette of 5th November, 1946.
2 BrettellEdward GordonF/L61053RAFOUT Member of Royal Air Force, killed outside Germany Great EscapeBritainWO 235/5731944-03-29P 64-610 Pruśce (vicinity) [Death sentence commuted to term of imprisonment] -.- 50 Air Force officers, recaptured after escape from Stalag Luft III Sagan, were shot by Gestapo upon Hitler's personal orders. They are marked "Great Escape" instead of their former airplane number.
3 BullLeslie GeorgeF/L43932RAFOUT Member of Royal Air Force, killed outside Germany Great EscapeNONEno trial1944-03-29CZ 43469 Most [no one ever formally charged with victim's death] -.- 50 Air Force officers, recaptured after escape from Stalag Luft III Sagan, were shot by Gestapo upon Hitler's personal orders. They are marked "Great Escape" instead of their former airplane number.
4 CochranDennis HerbertF/O122441RAFOUT Member of Royal Air Force, killed outside Germany Great EscapeBritainWO 235/424-4321944-03-31F 67130 Natzwiller (vicinity) Josef Gmeiner, Walter Herberg, Otto Preiss 1948-02-26 50 Air Force officers, recaptured after escape from Stalag Luft III Sagan, were shot by Gestapo upon Hitler's personal orders. They are marked "Great Escape" instead of their former airplane number.
5 HabgoodFrederic HaroldSgt160253RAFOUT Member of Royal Air Force, killed outside Germany NE164 BQ-OBritainWO 235/171+1721944-07-31F 67130 NatzwillerPeter Straub, Franz Berg1946-10-11
Courtesy Julian Simmonds
6 HallCharles PiersF/L50896RAFOUT Member of Royal Air Force, killed outside Germany Great EscapeNONEno trial1944-03-30P 59-220 Legnica (vicinity) [no one ever formally charged with victim's death] -.- 50 Air Force officers, recaptured after escape from Stalag Luft III Sagan, were shot by Gestapo upon Hitler's personal orders. They are marked "Great Escape" instead of their former airplane number.
7 HayterAnthony Ross HenzellF/L42124RAFOUT Member of Royal Air Force, killed outside Germany Great EscapeBritainWO 235/424-4321944-04-06F-67130 Natzwiller (vicinity)Alfred Schimmel1948-02-26 50 Air Force officers, recaptured after escape from Stalag Luft III Sagan, were shot by Gestapo upon Hitler's personal orders. They are marked "Great Escape" instead of their former airplane number.
8 HoodGeraldF/O178869RAFOUT Member of Royal Air Force, killed outside Germany LM658 HW-WBritainWO 235/81945-03-21Almelo, Netherlands Georg Otto Sandrock, Ludwig Schweinberger 1945-12-13
9 IngramKenneth Herschel CallenderF/Sgt1400819RAFOUT Member of the Royal Air Force, killed outside Germany LL840 VN-MNONEno trial known1944-10-02NL 7311 Apeldoorn [known to historians; no proof of any prosecution found] -.-


Memorial in Apeldoorn
Death date given by CWGC is 1944-10-01. Buried: Apeldoorn General Cemetery Plot 4 Grave 299.
10 Kirby-GreenThomas GreshamS/L39103RAFOUT Member of Royal Air Force, killed outside Germany Great EscapeBritainWO 235/424-4321944-03-29CZ-702 00 Ostrava (vicinity)Erich Zacharias 50 Air Force officers, recaptured after escape from Stalag Luft III Sagan, were shot by Gestapo upon Hitler's personal orders. They are marked "Great Escape" instead of their former airplane number.
11 LongJames Leslie RobertF/L89375RAFOUT Member of Royal Air Force, killed outside Germany Great EscapeNONEno trial1944-04-12P 50-041 Wrocław (vicinity) [no one ever formally charged with victim's death] -.- 50 Air Force officers, recaptured after escape from Stalag Luft III Sagan, were shot by Gestapo upon Hitler's personal orders. They are marked "Great Escape" instead of their former airplane number.
12 MarcinkusRomualdasF/L89580RAFOUT Member of Royal Air Force, killed outside Germany Great EscapeBritainWO 235/5731944-03-29P 64-610 Pruśce (vicinity) [Death sentence commuted to term of imprisonment] -.- 50 Air Force officers, recaptured after escape from Stalag Luft III Sagan, were shot by Gestapo upon Hitler's personal orders. They are marked "Great Escape" instead of their former airplane number.
13 MilfordHarold JohnF/L103586RAFOUT Member of Royal Air Force, killed outside Germany Great EscapeNONEno trial1944-04-06P 50-041 Wrocław (vicinity) [no one ever formally charged with victim's death] -.- 50 Air Force officers, recaptured after escape from Stalag Luft III Sagan, were shot by Gestapo upon Hitler's personal orders. They are marked "Great Escape" instead of their former airplane number.
14 PicardHenri AlbertF/L87693RAFOUT Member of Royal Air Force, killed outside Germany Great EscapeBritainWO 235/5731944-03-29 P 83-034 Trąbki Wielkie (vicinity) [Death sentence commuted to term of imprisonment] -.- 50 Air Force officers, recaptured after escape from Stalag Luft III Sagan, were shot by Gestapo upon Hitler's personal orders. They are marked "Great Escape" instead of their former airplane number.
15 StewartRobert CampbellF/O130452RAFOUT Member of Royal Air Force, killed outside Germany Great EscapeNONEno trial1944-03-31 P 59-220 Legnica (vicinity) (?) [no one ever formally charged with victim's death] -.- 50 Air Force officers, recaptured after escape from Stalag Luft III Sagan, were shot by Gestapo upon Hitler's personal orders. They are marked "Great Escape" instead of their former airplane number.
16 StowerJohn GiffordF/O107520RAFOUT Member of Royal Air Force, killed outside Germany Great EscapeNONEno trial1944-03-31 P 50-500 Jelenia Gora (vicinity) (?) [no one ever formally charged with victim's death] -.- 50 Air Force officers, recaptured after escape from Stalag Luft III Sagan, were shot by Gestapo upon Hitler's personal orders. They are marked "Great Escape" instead of their former airplane number.
17 StreetDenys OliverF/O123026RAFOUT Member of Royal Air Force, killed outside Germany Great EscapeNONEno trial1944-04-06 P 50-041 Wrocław (vicinity) (?) [no one ever formally charged with victim's death] -.- 50 Air Force officers, recaptured after escape from Stalag Luft III Sagan, were shot by Gestapo upon Hitler's personal orders. They are marked "Great Escape" instead of their former airplane number.
18 SwainCyril DouglasF/L37658RAFOUT Member of Royal Air Force, killed outside Germany Great EscapeNONEno trial1944-03-31 P 59-220 Legnica (vicinity) (?) [no one ever formally charged with victim's death] -.- 50 Air Force officers, recaptured after escape from Stalag Luft III Sagan, were shot by Gestapo upon Hitler's personal orders. They are marked "Great Escape" instead of their former airplane number.
19 ValentaArnostF/L82532RAFOUT Member of Royal Air Force, killed outside Germany Great EscapeNONEno trial1944-03-31 P 59-220 Legnica (vicinity) (?) [no one ever formally charged with victim's death] -.- 50 Air Force officers, recaptured after escape from Stalag Luft III Sagan, were shot by Gestapo upon Hitler's personal orders. They are marked "Great Escape" instead of their former airplane number.
20 WalennGilbert WilliamF/L73022RAFOUT Member of Royal Air Force, killed outside Germany Great EscapeBritainWO 235/5731944-03-29P 64-610 Pruśce (vicinity) [Death sentence commuted to term of imprisonment] -.- 50 Air Force officers, recaptured after escape from Stalag Luft III Sagan, were shot by Gestapo upon Hitler's personal orders. They are marked "Great Escape" instead of their former airplane number.
21 WalkerRonald ArthurF/L149550RAFOUT Member of Royal Air Force, killed outside Germany ND551OL-VBritainWO 235/3451944-07-09Tilburg, Netherlands Karl Paul Schwanz, Albert Rösener, Karl Cremer, Michael Rotschopf 1947-09-05
22 WilliamsJohn Edwin AshleyS/L40652RAFOUTMember of Royal Air Force, killed outside Germany Great EscapeNONEno trial1944-03-29CZ 460 01 Liberec[no one ever formally charged with victim's death] -.- 50 Air Force officers, recaptured after escape from Stalag Luft III Sagan, were shot by Gestapo upon Hitler's personal orders. They are marked "Great Escape" instead of their former airplane number.
23 WilliamsJohn FrancisF/L106173RAFOUTMember of Royal Air Force, killed outside GermanyGreat EscapeNONEno trial1944-04-06P 68-100 Żagań (vicinity)[no one ever formally charged with victim's death]-.-50 Air Force officers, recaptured after escape from Stalag Luft III Sagan, were shot by Gestapo upon Hitler's personal orders. They are marked "Great Escape" instead of their former airplane number.

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